Vomiting / Diarrhea / Dehydration

Many things can cause vomiting and diarrhea from infants and children. This can be very serious and even be life threatening. Always consult your child’s doctor or go to the nearest emergency room for any concerns.

Some Signs/Symptoms of Dehydration

  • When child cries there are no tears
  • No wet diapers or very little urine in a 6-8 hour period
  • In infants the soft spot (also called the fontanel) is sunken in
  • Child or infant is not as alert or lethargic
  • Eyes are sunken
  • Inside of the mouth is dry and not moist
  • Skin is dry and cool
  • Muscle cramps
  • Thirst
  • Dark yellow urine
  • Dizziness or confusion
  • Dry, cool skin
  • Rapid heart beat
  • Breathing fast
  • Headache

Causes of Diarrhea and Vomiting

  • Virus
  • Parasite
  • Food Allergy
  • Bacterial infection
  • Medication
  • Food poison

Causes of Dehydration

  • Sweating too much
  • Not drinking enough
  • Diabetes Insipidus
  • Being outside and exercising in hot weather
  • Fever
  • Mouth sores
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea

Treatment for Dehydration

Your doctor may want to take a blood sample to test electrolytes to see how dehydrated your child is, and to check to see what your child’s blood sugar is to check for diabetes. A urine test may be to see if your child’s kidneys are functioning properly. The doctor will order IV fluids if your child is dehydrated enough to need them.

Treament for Diareah and Vomitting

If your child continues to vomit and or have diarrhea and shows, any signs and symptoms of dehydration take them to your child’s doctor immediately.

For mild cases of vomiting and diarrhea, you want to make sure that you are replacing the fluids that are lost from the vomiting and diarrhea. Start out with clear liquids (small sips). Some examples of clear liquids are pedialyte for infants, and Popsicle’s, Gatorade for toddlers and children. After they are tolerating the clear fluids without vomiting and having diarrhea then start bland foods such as toast, bananas, rice, potatoes, applesauce, and yogurt with a probiotic. Choose foods with potassium. Then when your child is tolerating bland foods you may resume a regular diet.

Using over the counter medications is not necessary but some find relief with taking them. Never give any medication without asking your child’s doctor.

Prevention

  • Drink plenty of fluids while excising. Drink more when it is hot outside
  • Do not drink after anyone else that is sick.
  • Clean toys after a sick child have used them.
  • Sterilize bottles before use.
  • Always make sure your child is drinking enough fluids during the day.
  • Stay away from anyone who has been sick with a virus.
  • Pay close attention to your child.
  • Sanitize house after someone has been sick.