Peanut Allergies

Peanut allergies are a type of food allergy and are different from nut allergies. When a child has a peanut allergy parents need to be careful and alert to make sure their child’s diet is void of peanuts, or products containing peanut oils. If a child has a peanut allergy and eats a food, or drinks a liquid containing peanuts or peanut oil, a severe, anaphylactic possibly life threatening reaction can occur. The child should receive emergency treatment immediately.

CAUSES

  • Exact causes are not known
  • Statistics show that approximately 1 in 50 children have a peanut allergy

EXPOSURE

  • Unintentional ingestion of peanuts or peanut oil
  • Intentional ingestion of peanuts or peanut oil
  • Inhalation of peanuts of peanut oil

RISK FACTORS

  • Age
  • Allergies to other foods
  • Past peanut allergies
  • Family members with a peanut allergy
  • Eczema

SYMPTOMS

  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Eczema
  • Hives
  • Itching
  • Nausea
  • Rash
  • Runny nose
  • Vomiting

LIFE THREATENING SYMPTOMS

  • Anaphylaxis
  • Constriction of airways
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Dizziness
  • Drop in blood pressure
  • Fast heart rate
  • Lightheaded
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Throat swelling

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TREATMENTS

  • Over the counter antihistamines
  • Prescription antihistamines
  • Emergency epinephrine injection
  • Go to the nearest ER
  • Call 911